What a Face!
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February 14, 2003
It was just past the breeding season. The alpha male, Seneca was tired. He was grumpy. He just was not in the mood to deal with younger upstarts like Tristan. Tristan was not all that happy about being dominated either. That is quite the submissive grin he has on his face!
Dominance and submission are ritualized sometimes intensely aggressive behaviors which help maintain order in the pack. This may look violent, but it is just all show.
Location : Wolf Park
gray wolf wolves social behavior interaction communication jaw sparring aggression ritualized pinning dominance and submission defensive assertive alpha male beta